Born into slavery in Maryland, Harriet Tubman escaped to freedom in the North in to become the most famous "conductor" on the Underground Railroad. Tubman risked her life to lead hundreds of family members and other slaves from the plantation system to freedom on this elaborate secret network of safe houses. A leading abolitionist before the American Civil War , Tubman also helped the Union Army during the war, working as a spy among other roles. After the Civil War ended, Tubman dedicated her life to helping impoverished former slaves and the elderly. In honor of her life and by popular demand, in , the U.
Harriet Tubman - Wikipedia
Tubman is one of the most recognized icons in American history and her legacy has inspired countless people from every race and background. Harriet Tubman was born around on a plantation in Dorchester County, Maryland. Araminta later changed her first name to Harriet in honor of her mother. When Harriet was five years old, she was rented out as a nursemaid where she was whipped when the baby cried, leaving her with permanent emotional and physical scars. Around age seven Harriet was rented out to a planter to set muskrat traps and was later rented out as a field hand. She later said she preferred physical plantation work to indoor domestic chores. Harriet stepped between the slave and the overseer—the weight struck her head.
Harriet Tubman born Araminta Ross , c. Born into slavery , Tubman escaped and subsequently made some 13 missions to rescue approximately 70 enslaved people, including family and friends,  using the network of antislavery activists and safe houses known as the Underground Railroad. She later helped abolitionist John Brown recruit men for his raid on Harpers Ferry. In her later years, Tubman was an activist in the struggle for women's suffrage.
Harriet Tubman was born into slavery therefore no records of her birth were kept and the exact date of her birth is unknown. She believed she was born in She testified to this date in a pension application in when she claimed she was 67 and in when she claimed she was 67 years old. In both instances the year was consistent.