Articles 4 and of the Constitution of Latvia form the foundation for language policy in Latvia , declaring Latvian to be the official state language and affirming the rights of ethnic minorities to preserve and develop their languages. The preamble to the Official Language Law includes as its goals "the integration of members of ethnic minorities into the society of Latvia, while observing their rights to use their native language or other languages; [and] the increased influence of the Latvian language in the cultural environment of Latvia, to promote a more rapid integration of society. The official language valsts valoda , literally state language in Latvia is Latvian; this status has been explicitly defined since All other languages, except the extinct  Livonian language , are defined as foreign languages in Section 5 of the Official Language Law Law of Since , the official status of the Latvian language has been written into the Constitution Article 4 ; and since , MPs have been asked to promise to strengthen Latvian as the only official language in order to take their seats Article In the Constitution's chapter on human rights, rights to get answers from authorities in Latvian are specified since Article
Soviet occupation of Latvia in 1940
Latvian Auxiliary Police - Wikipedia
It was established on 21 July , during World War II , as a Soviet puppet state  in the territory of the previously independent Republic of Latvia after it had been occupied on June 17 , by the Soviet Army , in conformity with the terms of the 23 August Molotov—Ribbentrop Pact. Following the Welles Declaration of July 23, , the annexation of the Baltic states into the Soviet Union USSR on 5 August was not recognized as legitimate by the United States , the European Community , and recognition of it as the nominal thirteenth, fourteenth, and fifteenth constituent republic of the USSR was withheld for five decades. Nevertheless, Latvia continued to exist as a de jure independent country with a number of countries continued to recognize Latvian diplomats and consuls who still functioned in the name of their former governments. Soviet rule came to the end during the dissolution of the Soviet Union. Soviet foreign minister Vyacheslav Molotov accused Latvia and the other Baltic states of forming a military conspiracy against the Soviet Union, and so Moscow presented ultimatums, demanding new concessions, which included the replacement of governments with new ones, "determined" to "fulfill" the treaties of friendship "sincerely" and allowing an unlimited number of troops to enter the three countries. Ulmanis government decided that, in conditions of international isolation and the overwhelming Soviet force both on the borders and inside the country, it was better to avoid bloodshed and an unwinnable war. Ulmanis' government resigned and was replaced by a left-wing government created under instructions from the USSR embassy.
Language policy in Latvia
She was elected President of Latvia in and re-elected for the second term in Vaira Freiberga is a professor and interdisciplinary scholar, having published eleven books and numerous articles, essays and book chapters in addition to her extensive speaking engagements. She remains active in the international arena and continues to speak in defense of liberty, equality and social justice, and for the need of Europe to acknowledge the whole of its history.
Latvian Auxiliary Police was a paramilitary force created from Latvian volunteers by the Nazi German authorities who occupied the country in June It was part of the Schutzmannschaft Shuma , native police forces organized by the Germans in occupied territories and subordinated to the Order Police Ordnungspolizei ; Orpo. Some units of the Latvian auxiliary police were involved in the Holocaust. One of its units, the Arajs Kommando , was notorious for killing 26, civilians during the war, mostly Jews , but also Communists and Romas.